It represents the most important ecosystem in Mexico in extension. It extends from the North to states such as Puebla and Oaxaca, located in the center and south of the country. In this ecosystem you can find different species of cacti, some of them endemic and very important for the food and culture of the country. Mexico is the country that is home to the most species of cacti in the world.
Grasslands are also called steppes and they extend through the northwest of the country, covering up to 6% of the territory of Mexico. A good number of species, shrubs and small trees develop in these grasslands. However, the easy access of humans to these species makes them highly vulnerable to human activities such as grazing and ranching.
Among the different terrestrial ecosystems in this part of the world we can find temperate forests occupying approximately 15% of the country's extension. In these forests we can find up to half of the known pine species in the world (about 50 species) and at least 200 species of oaks. It is estimated that about 7 thousand plants live in it. However, more than 20% of this type of forest has been lost.
Although they occupy only 1% of the territory of Mexico, cloud forests are of great importance in capturing water in the arid zones in which they are located, being the habitat of up to 10% of plants in Mexico (some of them endemic ) and by its contribution of oxygen. Currently, a big problem is that many of these forests are being lost.
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Mexico was the axis Mundi of pre-Hispanic civilizations, the central place of the world, very close to heaven thanks to the mountainous bodies found throughout the country.
Powerful and extreme rocky matriarchs traversing this territory. Hard and loving mothers who in their bosom harbor a great history.
The navel of the moon is adorned with a belt of fire teeming with life. In the explosive, rumbling, and elevated center of the country, it is where the humid and warm of the south intermingle with the cold and dry of the north. Elements that together form the home of a great variety of unique species in the world.
The special ecosystem that maintains these central and volcanic conditions is the cradle of endemic creatures.
The humid forests are also known as tropical forests or tropical forests and are located in the southwest of the country, extending up to 5% of the territory of Mexico. This ecosystem has exuberant vegetation and is home to most of the mammals in Mexico. This ecosystem has disappeared very quickly and up to 70% are deteriorated. In this other EcologíaVerde article you can consult Why the conservation of tropical forests or humid forests is important.
The dry forests are found on the Pacific plain, north of the Yucatan peninsula and in the Balsas basin. Up to 6% of the plants in the entire country live in this ecosystem, of which up to 40% are endemic to Mexico. In addition, they are drought-resistant ecosystems with abundant copal and huaje trees. Its appearance is very variable, since with the rains its vegetation is transformed.