Shrubland and grassland
It represents the most important ecosystem in Mexico in extension. It extends from the North to states such as Puebla and Oaxaca, located in the center and south of the country. In this ecosystem you can find different species of cacti, some of them endemic and very important for the food and culture of the country. Mexico is the country that is home to the most species of cacti in the world.
Grasslands are also called steppes and they extend through the northwest of the country, covering up to 6% of the territory of Mexico. A good number of species, shrubs and small trees develop in these grasslands. However, the easy access of humans to these species makes them highly vulnerable to human activities such as grazing and ranching.